Life After the Academy FAQ
Yes. While at the Academy, cadets obtain a solid background in all phases of aviation. All male and female cadets who meet the physical and medical qualifications are considered for flying training and may be selected to fill available openings. Specialized Undergraduate Pilot Training (conducted after graduation at several U.S. bases) prepares qualified graduates for flying careers in airlift, bomber, fighter, multirole, special operations or transport aircraft.
A few graduates will receive scholarships to attend military or civilian graduate schools immediately after graduation. Many graduates are funded for post-graduate programs if they meet two important criteria: they must perform well as officers, and the Air Force must need people from the degree program they wish to pursue. These graduates are generally eligible for attendance after three years on active-duty. In addition, many Academy graduates attend one or more of the armed forces Developmental Education courses during their careers. For more information on post-graduate education and scholarship opportunities, please visit www.usafa.edu/df/dfr/grad_studies/grad_studies.cfm.
The Air Force may send up to 3% of each graduating class directly to medical school upon graduation. Additionally, up to one-half percent of each graduating class may be selected to attend dental school, with another one-half percent being selected to attend nursing school. This, in effect, brings the total percentage that might be selected to attend Health Professions Postgraduate education to 4%. These graduates complete their training through the Armed Forces Health Professions Scholarship Programs or the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences. These same two programs are available to all active-duty officers. Selection for these programs is on a competitive basis and the number of students will be based on the needs of the Air Force.
Beginning in 2012, the Academy has the authority to select one USAFA graduate a year to send to law school immediately following graduation in an excess leave status. Eligible candidates include legal studies majors or mock trail team members with competitive grade point averages. While in law school, participants will be in an unpaid excess leave status and will not receive government funding for law school. Upon successful completion of law school and passage of a state bar, that USAFA graduate will become a member of the USAF JAG Corps.
The pay and allowances of a new officer compare favorably with starting salaries in business, industry and the professions. An officer advances in rank according to the needs of the Air Force and professional performance. The Air Force puts a high premium on leaders with vision, dedication and ability. It offers a stimulating challenge and an interesting future in a wide spectrum of fields for Academy graduates to employ their leadership talents. There are opportunities for advanced education. All career officers are eligible to apply for further education through AFIT at civilian colleges and universities. Selected officers attend on a full-time basis, receive pay and allowances, have their tuition and fixed fees paid and receive some reimbursement for books and thesis expenses. During each move, reimbursement for certain transportation costs, an extra allowance for incidental expenses of moving and free shipment of household goods are provided. Additional benefits are: medical and hospital expenses, commissary and base exchange privileges, officers club privileges, VA and FHA mortgage loan insurance, group life insurance and 30 days of vacation with pay each year. The current law enables an officer to retire after completing 20 years of active service.
The typical base pay per month is $2,828.40. Your salary is based on not only your rank, but also your time in the Air Force. In addition to base pay, military members also receive two allowances: Basic Allowance for Housing (BAH) and Basic Allowance for Sustenance (BAS). Military members who are authorized to reside off base at government expense are entitled to receive a monthly tax-free housing allowance, known as BAH. The amount of the allowance is based on the member’s rank, duty, location and whether or not they have dependents (family members residing with them). BAS is simply a monthly monetary food allowance for members of the military. Members who attend flight training will also receive flight pay. For more information, please visit www.airforce.com.
The military is organized into an officer corps and an enlisted corps. Commissioned officers outrank all enlisted personnel. Enlisted personnel are required to salute all commissioned officers, and commissioned officers are required to salute superior commissioned officers. Responsibility and accountability increase commensurate with rank.
The Air Force rank insignia system is broken down into two major categories: officer ranks and enlisted ranks. The enlisted ranks are further divided into Airmen and NCO (Noncommissioned Officer) ranks. There are four Airman ranks and five NCO ranks. Additionally, there is one special NCO rank (Chief Master Sergeant of the Air Force). Officers progress from Second Lieutenant to First Lieutenant, then Captain, Major, Lieutenant Colonel, Colonel and finally, four General officer ranks.
As a commissioned officer in the Air Force, immediately upon graduation, you will enter the Air Force as an O-1, which is a Second Lieutenant. You will work your way up as O-2, O-3, etc. Each rank has a pay grade that begins with a letter “O” for officers and “E” for enlisted. For more information, please visit www.airforce.com.
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